Any untamed animal living in the wild comes under wildlife. The human activities and encounters are constantly resulting in new infectious disease dynamics. They permit the spread of pathogens from wildlife species to humans.
If you are in contact with wild animals, you should be aware of zoonotic diseases they can cause to the human population through direct contact with their feces and urine. There are about 41 important diseases that humans get directly from animals and at least 43 major diseases that humans catch by ingestion of food and water contaminated by animal feces.
Diseases carried by Wild Animals
A series of man-made factors have led to an easy spread of pathogens from the wild animal population to the human race. As a result, humans themselves have fallen prey to some common yet significant zoonoses mentioned here.
Source- Wild raccoons
Symptoms- Nausea, fatigue, enlarged liver, signs of brain infection.
The feces of infected wild raccoons contain millions of Roundworm eggs, which become infectious to a very great extent within two to four weeks.
It is recommended to clean the feces with boiling water to avoid the spread of disease. No proper diagnosis is discovered yet, but the infected person is advised to see the doctor immediately.
Symptoms- Chills, fever, Dry Cough, Headache, Muscle ache, Nausea, Vomiting.
This deadly disease is found in some rare species of mice, mainly in deer mice. Hantavirus is spread through direct contact or breathing in the air, contaminated by the feces of infected mice.
Be careful while cleaning the infected area to avoid breathing in the contaminated air. Clean the affected area properly with bleach and detergent.
Symptoms- pneumonia with sudden chills, fever, muscle and joint aches, dry cough, weakness.
Rabbit fever or Tularemia is caused by direct contact with Rabbits. The inhaled way of disease is most harmful. Less than ten microscopic germs can cause a deadly infection.
Source- Monkeys and apes (suspected)
Symptoms- Fever, headache, muscle pain, blood spits.
Ebola is a highly critical disease that ultimately causes severe bleeding, organ failure, or death. It needs proper medical attention and Ebola is spread by insect bites or the exchange of bodily fluids in humans.
Source- Masked palm civet
Symptoms- fever, dry cough, difficulty breathing.
SARS is a contagious respiratory illness caused by a Coronavirus. It is spread through airborne respiratory droplets by sneezing or coughing. SARS requires proper medical treatment.